Timothy Chandler of Concord, New Hampshire made 1794-1796. Choate & Martin casemakers label pasted inside the case.
This is an excellent example of a finely constructed inlaid mahogany case tall clock that reflects a strong Roxbury or Boston, Massachusetts influence.
This case exhibits very good masculine proportions. This form was made popular by the Willard family of clockmakers working in the Boston/Roxbury and by their numerous apprentices. This example is signed on the dial by Timothy Chandler of Concord, New Hampshire. In addition, this case retains the original Concord, New Hampshire case makers label of Choate & Martin. This label is pasted on to the backboard inside the case. This example stands approximately 97 inches tall to the top of the center finial.
This case stands on four applied ogee bracket feet. They are applied directly to the bottom of the double stepped molding. The base panel is richly grained and is decoratively line inlaid. The inlay pattern which is formatted with ovolo corners centers a fully formed paterra in the center of this base panel. The waist section is fitted with a large tombstone shaped waist door. This door is also line inlaid and features an excellent selection of mahogany veneer. This door is trimmed with an applied molding. The sides or corners of the case are fitted with inset quarter columns. The are fully fluted and stopped with brass. The columns terminate in brass quarter capitals. The bonnet is fitted with a traditional New England style fret. The fret work is support by three fluted chimney or final plinths that are capped at the top. These support the three brass ball and spike finials. Fully turned and brass stop fluted bonnet columns or colonnades visually support the upper bonnet molding. They are mounted in brass capitals and are free standing. Nicely turned quarter columns are set into the back of the bonnet. These are smoothly shaped and terminate in ring turned wooden capitals. The sides of the hood are fitted with tombstone shaped side lights and they are fitted with glass. The arched bonnet line inlaid door is also fitted with glass and opens to access the painted iron dial.
This dial is signed by the Maker and features a moon phase or lunar calendar mechanism in the arch. The time track is done in two separate formats. The hours are indicated in Roman numerals. The five minute markers are painted in an Arabic form. A subsidiary seconds dial and month calendar can bee seen inside the time ring. The four spandrel areas are colorfully decorated with floral subject matter.
This fine movement is constructed in brass and is good quality. Four turned pillars support the two brass plates. Hardened steel shafts support the polished steel pinions and brass gearing. The winding drums are grooved. The escapement is designed as a recoil format. The movement is weight driven and designed to run eight days on a full wind. It is a two train or a time and strike design having a rack and snail striking system. As a result, it will strike each hour on the hour. This is done on a cast iron bell which is mounted above the movement.
This fine example was made circa 1795 and stands 8 feet 1 inches tall to the top of the center finial.
The Choate & Martin Cabinet firm was comprised of Robert Choate and George Whitfield Martin. Both men were originally from coastal towns in Massachusetts. Their partnership was formed on April 2, 1994 and ended ion May 16, 1796. Choate moved to Orford, New Hampshire.
The cabinetmakers' hand written label is pasted inside the case to the backboard. It reads '"Made by Choate & Martin / Cabinet & Chair Makers. Concord." Labels by New Hampshire craftsman of this period are very difficult to find. It is easy to speculate that a percentage of these types of applied labels have been lost due to neglect, quality of the adhesive used or even in some instances, wear.
Robert Choate was born on September 6th, 1770 in Newburyport, Massachusetts and died in Thetford, Vermont on August 26, 1809. It is thought that he had moved to Concord, NH by 1794 because he formed a partnership with George Martin as Choate & Martin in April of that year. This partnership last until May 1776. Choate continued to work alone as a cabinet and chair maker until he sold his property to George Whitfield Rogers who incidentally was originally from Newburyport as well. On September 1, 1776 he married Apphia Worthen in Concord, New Hampshire.
George Whitfield Martin was baptized in Marblehead, Massachusetts on May 5th, 1771 He was working as a cabinetmaker before he moved to Concord to join Choate in a partnership. After the dissolution of t the Choate and Martin firm in 1796, Martin moved to Essex County, Massachusetts and settled in Salem where he married Sally Bullock In April of 1997.
About Timothy Chandler of Concord, New Hampshire.
Major Timothy Chandler was born on April 25, 1762 and died on August 9, 1848. He was apprenticed to a local maker on hand cards for carding wool. He moved for a short time to Connecticut and moved back to Concord in 1785. It is not known who he learned clockmaking from. A possibility would include Peregrine White of Woodstock, Connecticut or Jonathan Hale of Pomfret, Connecticut. In Concord, he became a prolific clockmaker until his retirement in 1829. In 1797 he enlisted with the minute Men and received the commission of Major in 1799. Chandler had many interests, some of which included card making, goldsmith, silversmith, fireward and many other civic positions.We have owned numerous tall case clocks, wall timepieces and New Hampshire mirror clocks by this important New Hampshire clockmaker.
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