Samuel Underhill of Wolverhampton, England. A mahogany veneered tall case clock.

This attractive long case clock features a painted dial that is signed by the Maker “Samuel Underhill of Wolverhampton (Staffs), England.” Samuel Underhill is listed in Brain Loomes reference book, “Watchmakers & Clockmakers of the World.” Loomes lists him at work in 1826 – 35. He is also lists him as a bottle jack maker.

This tall case exhibits solid masculine proportions. The case is primarily veneered in mahogany and is highlighted with mahogany accents and rosewood banding which frames several decorative patterns. The current finish has a deep brown coloring that is rich and warm and compliments the clock.

This case stands on flared French feet. The base is constructed with canted corners. As a result, the lower waist molding is designed to compliment this detail. The panel is decoratively inlaid. A broad cross banded border frames the outer edge. A broad line inlay separates this from the figured panel. The waist section features forward corners that are fitted with fully turned columns that are decoratively turned with rings and spirals. These mount in brass capitals. The lower capitals are a Doric form. The upper capitals are a full Corinthian form. The waist door is shaped at the top and is also cross banded in rosewood. Six mahogany panels are located in the frame of the waist section. Each is framed with line veneer. Panels are set under and above the waist columns. Larger panels are set on either end of the door. The bonnet features a swan’s neck pediment. These are nicely formed and terminates in turned wooden rosettes. They center a decorative wooden plinth. The facade is formatted with a number of inlay patterns. Fully turned and fancifully shaped bonnet columns resemble the form exhibited in the construction of the waist version. They are mounted in a similar manner and flank the sides of the arched door. The bonnet door is veneered in mahogany and fitted with glass. This opens to allow one access to the painted dial.

The iron dial is colorfully painted. The four spandrel areas are nicely decorated with figures that represent the four continents. In the arch is a lunar calendar or a moon phase mechanism. The Clockmaker’s signature and working location are clearly signed below the center arbor. The time ring is executed in Roman style hour numerals. The hour and minutes are indicated by the two wonderfully detailed brass hands. A subsidiary seconds dial can be found below the Arabic hour numeral twelve. This clock also has a calendar.

This fine movement is constructed in brass and is good quality. Four turned pillars support the two brass plates. Hardened steel shafts support the polished steel pinions and brass gearing. The winding drums are grooved. The escapement is designed as a recoil format. The movement is weight driven and designed to run eight days on a full wind. It is a two train or a time and strike design having a rack and snail striking system. As a result, it will strike each hour on the hour. This is done on a cast iron bell which is mounted above the movement.

This clock stands 8 feet tall and was made circa 1830.

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