Major (II) Scho(l)efield at The Flying Horse, Salford, Manchester (Lancaster) England. A mahogany case tall clock with a lunar calendar dial.

Major Scholfield was born in 1749 the son of Major Scholfield (I). His father was also a clockmaker. Major (II) is listed in Brian Loomes “Watchmakers & Clockmakers of the World.” He is listed as working at the “The Flying Horse” in Salford, Manchester (Lancs) UK. He is also listed as marrying in 1784 and died in 1813. Salford is located just to the west of the city of Manchester.

This clock features wonderfully figured mahogany wood. Crotch veneer selections are positioned in the forward facing surfaces of the case. The grain pattern is quite lively. This case measures approximately 7 feet 11 inches tall to the top of the center finial. It stands up on four applied ogee bracket feet. The base section features a distinctive treatment of applied moldings in the form of brick work. These are fitted on the front corners of the base. This pattern is commonly found in clock cases that are constructed in the city of Liverpool. The waist section is fitted with a nicely shaped waist door. This is trimmed with a molded edge. Smoothly turned quarter columns are inset into the corners of the case. These terminate in turn wooden quarter capitals. The upper waist molding incorporates a Greek Key design. The swan’s neck bonnet has compressed arches that terminate in in the center of the case with turned wooden rosettes. Three brass ball and spike finials surmount the case. The center finial is mounted on a plinth that forms a key in the center of the tympanum. The hood door is arched and glazed. Fully turned and carved bonnet columns ending in brass capitals flank its’ sides.

This style of brass dial predates the painted dial. This was a very expensive dial to manufacture. It is constructed with a solid sheet of brass that is decorated with applied cast brass spandrels, an applied chapter ring and an engraved center section. The spandrels are a popular form and are cast with a woman’s head in the center. The time ring displays the hours are indicated in large Roman numerals. An engraved subsidiary seconds dial is located in the traditional location. Interestingly, it features Arabic figures at ten minute intervals. This dial is signed by the Clockmaker across the center. This engraved signature and working location are written in script lettering. This is surrounded by additional decorative engravings. It the arch or lunette is a lunar calendar display. The moon wheel is nicely painted.

The movement is constructed in brass having nicely finished cast brass plates which are supported by ring turned brass posts. The gearing is brass and the pinions are steel. The movement is weight driven and designed to run eight days on a full wind. This clock strikes the hour on a bell. The strike train is located between the plates and is actuated by a rack and snail design. The winding barrels are grooved. The movement is supported by a seaboard. The pendulum features a metal rod and a brass faced lead bob.

This clock stands approximately 7 feet 11 inches tall. It was made circa 1785.

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