James Emmett Caldwell of Philadelphia, PA.

James Emmett Caldwell was trained in the silver trade and worked in it as early as 1839 on his own. From about 1860, the J. E. Caldwell & Co. focused on being retailer of silver rather than a manufacturer. Soon this company became one of the major jewelry and silver retailers in Philadelphia. James E. Caldwell himself ran the business until he died in 1881. He was succeeded by his son, J. Albert Caldwell who ran it until his death in 1914. At that time he was succeeded by his son J. Emmett Caldwell.